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Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): Risks, Causes & Symptoms

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are a complex and prevalent group of infections that are transmitted through sexual contact. STIs encompass a wide range of infections caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi, each presenting unique symptoms, transmission methods, and potential health consequences.

Understanding the importance of prevention, practicing safe sex, and seeking timely medical care is crucial in addressing the spread and impact of STIs.

What are Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)? 

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), also referred to as Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), are infections caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites, transmitted through sexual activities such as vaginal, anal, or oral sex. STIs can affect individuals irrespective of age, gender, or sexual orientation. Proper knowledge of STIs is essential for prevention and early detection.

How are STIs transmitted?

STIs primarily spread through sexual contact with an infected person.

This includes vaginal, anal, or oral sex, as well as genital-to-genital contact. Sharing contaminated needles, rare instances of blood transfusions, and mother-to-child transmission during childbirth or breastfeeding can also contribute to the spread of certain STIs.

Symptoms of STIs 

STI symptoms vary depending on the specific infection and may be absent in some cases. Common sexually transmitted disease symptoms include: 

  • Abnormal genital discharge
  • Painful urination
  • Genital itching or irritation 
  • Sores or ulcers in the genital area
  • Abdominal pain
  • Pelvic discomfort
  • Flu-like symptoms 

Regular testing is crucial as some infections can be asymptomatic.

What are the Common Sexually Transmitted Infections?

A variety of STIs exist, caused by different pathogens.

Some common STD types (common sexually transmitted disease names)are:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis
  • Genital Herpes
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Trichomoniasis. 

Understanding this sexually transmitted disease list is crucial for recognizing symptoms and seeking appropriate medical care.

What are the Causes of STIs?

STIs can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Bacterial STIs.

Some Causes of STD/STI are-

Sexual contact: STDs are primarily transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex.

Bacteria: Certain STDs, like Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis, are caused by bacterial infections.

Viruses: STDs such as Genital Herpes, HPV, and HIV are caused by viral infections.

Parasites: Trichomoniasis is an example of an STD caused by a parasitic infection.

Mother-to-child transmission: Some STDs can be transmitted from an infected mother to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.

Ways to Prevent STIs/STDs

Prevention plays a crucial role in reducing STI transmission. Important preventive measures include 

When to see a Doctor?

If exposure to an STI is suspected or symptoms arise, seeking prompt medical attention is crucial. Even without symptoms, regular STI testing is vital for early detection and treatment. Healthcare providers can conduct appropriate tests, provide accurate diagnoses, and recommend suitable treatment options.

Regarding accessing affordable doctors for STI-related concerns, Newmi Care is an excellent resource. It connects individuals with experienced doctors who specialize in sexual health and STIs. Their services are designed to be affordable and accessible, ensuring that individuals can receive the necessary medical attention and guidance they need.

Summing up

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) pose a significant public health concern worldwide. Understanding the risks, symptoms, and preventive measures associated with STIs is vital for maintaining sexual health. By practicing safe sex, undergoing regular testing, and seeking timely medical care, we can work towards reducing the transmission and impact of STIs. Prioritizing sexual health promotes a safer and healthier future for all.

FAQ’s on STIs/STDs:

What is the difference between STD and STI?

The terms STD and STI are often used interchangeably, but there is a slight distinction. STD stands for sexually transmitted disease, referring to infections that cause noticeable symptoms. STIs stands for sexually transmitted infection, which includes both symptomatic and asymptomatic infections.

What are the common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)? 

Common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and trichomoniasis, among others.

How do sexually transmitted infections start? Or How STI happen?

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) typically start when an infected individual engages in sexual activities with an uninfected person. This can occur through vaginal, anal, or oral sex, as well as through sharing of contaminated needles or mother-to-child transmission during childbirth.

Can STDs be cured? 

While some sexually transmitted diseases can be cured with appropriate medical treatment, not all are curable. Viral infections like HIV and genital herpes can be managed but not completely eradicated, while bacterial infections like chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis can often be treated and cured with antibiotics.

Newmi Care's general health plan provides accessible and affordable services, offering individuals the opportunity to consult with healthcare professionals who can guide them through the testing, diagnosis, and treatment process for STI/STD. 

What are the Sexually transmitted diseases that cannot be cured?

Some STDs that are not curable include HIV/AIDS, genital herpes, and hepatitis B. However, these infections can be managed through various medical interventions and preventive measures to reduce transmission and manage symptoms.

How to cure STDs without going to the doctor?

It is not advisable to try to cure a sexually transmitted disease without consulting a doctor. Proper medical diagnosis and treatment are essential for effective management and potential cure. Seeking professional medical advice is crucial to ensure the best possible outcome and prevent complications.

When accessing reliable and convenient medical advice for sexually transmitted diseases, Newmi is an excellent platform to consider. Newmi Care's general health plan connects individuals with experienced doctors specializing in sexual health and STIs. Through their services, individuals can easily consult with qualified healthcare professionals, receive accurate diagnoses, and obtain appropriate treatment recommendations.

Can cancer be transmitted through saliva?

No, cancer cannot be transmitted through saliva. Cancer is not contagious and does not spread through casual contact or bodily fluids like saliva. However, certain viruses transmitted through saliva, such as the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), can increase the risk of developing certain types of cancer, like nasopharyngeal cancer and Burkitt lymphoma.

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